Sapphire is a variety of Corundum, an aluminum oxide mineral that forms in prismatic tabular, bipyramidal or rhombohedral crystals, as well as granular or massive habits, and may be transparent to opaque. Blue is considered Sapphire’s “true” color and the one most often recognized, though Sapphire does form in a diversity of colors, and will have the color added to its name (for example: Green Sapphire, Yellow Sapphire). Additional mineral compounds forming with aluminum oxide are responsible for the different coloration, and in the case of Blue Sapphire, iron and titanium provide its heavenly hues. With the exception of Red Corundum, which is Ruby, all other colors of Corundum are Sapphires. [Mella, 103][Simmons, 339][www.mindat.org]
It wasn't until the Middle Ages that the word "sapphire" was used to describe the sapphire we know today. Before then, going back to antiquity, sapphire (from the Greek word for blue) was used to refer to lapis lazuli, another blue gemstone. The Greeks used sapphire to curry favor with the god Apollo and wore it while visiting the Oracle of Delphi. Sapphire is associated with Abraham in the Judeo-Christian tradition and was one of the twelve precious stones incorporated into the breastplate of the High Priest of Israel.
Since medieval times, sapphire has been associated with the majesty and tranquility of the heavens. Because they believed it symbolized heaven, clergy in the Middle Ages wore blue sapphires. Kings and queens wore it to attract wealth and for protection. It was thought by many to dispel evil thoughts and to bring peace and amiability to its wearer as well as ward off illness and overcome poisons. ~ Fire Mountain Gems
Star Sapphire, especially in paler shades, is a symbol of wise and honest leadership, and a good stone for businesswomen and female entrepreneurs who wish to succeed without compromising integrity. ~ Eason, 365
It helps during times of change to maintain clear vision of where it is you want to go and how to get there. ~ Eason, 247
Sapphires are a symbol of integrity and are highly effective for the speedy and positive resolution of legal matters and issues concerning justice. Since Blue Sapphire was traditionally worn when treaties were signed, wear or carry even a small piece of it when signing contracts or payment negotiations, for yourself or on another’s behalf. ~ Eason, 247
Blue Sapphire is effective for channeling healing powers from an angelic or higher source into the healer, and is popular with Reiki healers. Sapphire also amplifies healing through the voice. ~ Eason, 247
Blue Sapphire is a stone of love, commitment and fidelity, and has become popular in betrothal rings. Matching Sapphire tumbled stones make a good gift for couples moving in together or marrying. ~ Eason, 247
Use Blue Sapphire to stay on your spiritual path, and for assistance in matters of self discipline, whether routine daily tasks or actions requiring extreme focus. ~ Hall, 253
Sapphire is exceptional for calming and focusing the mind, allowing the release of mental tension and unwanted thoughts. It encourages opening the mind to beauty and intuition, bringing lightness and joy as it restores balance within the body. ~ Melody, 584 ~ Hall, 253
Sapphire symbolizes integrity, love, commitment and fidelity, and over the years has become popular in betrothal rings. It is traditionally given as gifts for a fifth and forty-fifth year wedding anniversary, and is considered a gem of autumn. ~ Eason, 45, 247
Sapphires have long been regarded as especially appropriate for use in ecclesiastical rings, worn by priests and high dignitaries for symbols of chastity and to represent Heaven. When a new Cardinal is elected by the Pope in the Roman Catholic Church, he receives with much pomp and ceremony, a red hat, and along with his new title, a gold ring set with a Sapphire, placed on the ring finger of his right hand by the Pope himself. According to Gregory XV, this is done to signify the Church is now the Cardinal’s spouse and he must never abandon her. ~ Crystal Vaults
In Christianity, St. John saw Sapphire as the second foundation stone of the New Jerusalem in his Revelations. It signified the height of celestial hope, and in some writings, was attributed to St. Andrew as a symbol of his heavenly faith.
Sapphire is said to be the wisdom stone, stimulating concentration, enhancing creativity and promoting purity and depth of thought.
It is believed to focus and calm the mind as well as remove unwanted thoughts, depression and mental tension.
It is known as the stone of new love and commitment and is claimed to be useful in encouraging faithfulness and loyalty.
Sapphire is thought to bring peace of mind, serenity and prosperity.
Because of its blue color, it is associated with the throat and brow chakras where energy imbalances are said to cause sore throats, headaches and nightmares.
Eases Unwanted Thoughts
Calming and Focusing The Mind
Amplifies Through The Voice